Barite is a mineral that is used for a number industrial, medical, and manufacturing applications due to its high specific gravity.  It has a specific gravity of 4.5, which is exceptional for a mineral that is nonmetallic.  This is the reason for the name Barite since “barys” means “heavy” in Greek.  It is given a value of about 2.5 to 3.5 on Mohs hardness scale and has very good cleavage.  All three of these qualities together makes it easy to identify Barite.

 

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